Understanding Concussions: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Concussions are a type of traumatic brain injury that can result from a hit or jolt to the head or body. They are common and can have serious consequences if not properly managed. Understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for concussions is essential to ensure appropriate care and prevent long-term complications. 

In this article, we will provide an in-depth look at concussions, covering everything from their definition and prevalence to diagnosis and management, including the latest advances in Treatment for Concussion.

By increasing awareness and knowledge about concussions, we hope to empower readers to take the necessary steps to protect themselves and their loved ones from potential harm.

How to Identify a Concussion: Symptoms to Watch For

The signs of a concussion can be divided into three types: physical, cognitive, and emotional.

Physical Symptoms

  • Headaches
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness or balance problems
  • Reduced visual acuity
  • Light or noise intolerance
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Fatigue or sleep disturbances

Cognitive Symptoms

  • Experiencing a cognitive slowdown or impairment.
  • Finding it hard to concentrate or recollect.
  • Confusion or disorientation

Emotional Symptoms

  • Irritability
  • Sadness
  • Anxiety
  • Personality changes

Concussion Symptoms in Children and Adolescents

A concussion may present differently in children and adolescents than in adults. Children and adolescents may experience the following symptoms:

  • Crying excessively or increased irritability
  • Loss of interest in toys or activities
  • Changes in sleep patterns, such as sleeping more or less than usual
  • Restlessness or hyperactivity
  • Lack of balance or unsteady walking
  • Excessive drowsiness or difficulty waking up
  • Difficulty with attention or concentration
  • Slurred speech or difficulty speaking
  • Vomiting more than once
  • Persistent or worsening headache.

Delayed Onset Of Symptoms

Symptoms of a concussion may not appear immediately following the injury and can sometimes take hours, days, or even weeks to manifest. Some common delayed onset symptoms include: 

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Memory problems
  • Irritability

Causes of Concussion

A concussion can occur due to a sudden Head Impact caused by various events, such as: 

Blow To The Head 

A blow to the head, such as from a fall, sports-related collision, or physical assault, can cause the brain to move rapidly back and forth inside the skull, leading to a concussion.


When the neck undergoes a sudden and forceful movement, such as in a car accident or sports-related collision, it can lead to whiplash. This forceful movement suddenly moves the head in one direction and then abruptly in another, resulting in the stretching and tearing of the neck muscles and ligaments.

The sudden and forceful motion can also cause the brain to shift within the skull, which may result in a concussion.

Blast injury

When an explosion or blast occurs, it creates a shock wave that travels through the air and causes a sudden change in air pressure. The pressure shift can move the brain rapidly inside the skull, causing a concussion.

Even if the person did not experience a direct blow to the head, the force of the blast can still cause injury to the brain. Military personnel are particularly at risk for blast-related concussions due to their exposure to explosions from weapons, bombs, and other sources.

Shaken Baby Syndrome

Infants and young children are at a heightened risk of experiencing concussions from shaking. Shaking can lead to violent movement of the brain inside the skull, resulting in a serious penetrating injury or even death. This type of injury is commonly known as shaken baby syndrome and can lead to long-term damage or developmental issues if not accurately diagnosed and treated.

Regardless of the cause, it is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of a concussion and seek medical attention if necessary.

Approaches To Concussion Treatment

Getting medical attention and adhering to the recommended treatment plan are essential after a concussion. Treatment options typically include:

Rest and Activity Modification

Rest is often the first line of Treatment For Concussion. This may involve physical and cognitive rest, limiting activities such as reading, using electronic devices, or watching TV that can increase symptoms. Gradual reintroduction of activities can be done as symptoms improve.


Over-the-counter pain medications, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, can help alleviate headaches or other discomforts caused by a concussion. But before taking any medication, it’s crucial to speak with a medical professional.

Cognitive and Physical Therapy

A concussion can cause a variety of cognitive and physical symptoms. Working with a trained therapist can help improve balance, coordination, memory, and concentration. Cognitive-behavioral therapy may also help manage mood and anxiety-related symptoms.

Alternative Treatments

Some people find relief with alternative treatments such as acupuncture, massage, or chiropractic care. However, they are often used in conjunction with traditional medical treatment. It is important to note that individualized Treatment for Concussion is crucial as each person’s symptoms and needs are unique

Assessment Tools at Fit Clinic

At Fit Clinic, we provide comprehensive services that assist in the diagnosis and management of concussions, with a focus on Treatment for Concussion. These assessment tools include:

Neurocognitive Performance (ImPACT)

Doctors frequently employ the imPACT test, a computer-based assessment that examines various cognitive functions such as attention span, memory, and reaction time, to determine changes in cognitive function before and after a concussion and make better treatment and return-to-play decisions.

Balance and Postural Sway

Concussions can also affect an individual’s balance and coordination. Balance testing can help identify deficits in these areas and guide treatment to improve overall function and prevent future injury.

Visual Coordination

Concussions can affect an individual’s ability to track moving objects or maintain focus on a single point. Visual coordination testing can help identify these deficits and guide treatment to improve overall visual function and reduce symptoms such as dizziness and headaches.


At Fit Clinic, we specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of concussions. Our comprehensive approach includes a range of services such as neurocognitive performance testing, balance and postural sway assessment, and visual coordination testing. 

With a team of healthcare professionals who are dedicated to providing personalized care, we tailor treatment plans according to each individual’s unique needs and symptoms. We understand the importance of an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment plan in ensuring a full recovery from a concussion.

Our clinic is dedicated to assisting patients in achieving their maximum level of function and returning to their daily activities as soon as possible after a concussion. Schedule an appointment with us today and begin your journey toward successful concussion recovery.

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